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This is a class D1M diesel multiple unit of the Romanian state railways Căile Ferate Române, CFR. The original D1 was an old diesel multiple unit built by Ganz-Mavag in Hungary in the 1960s to the 1980s and they were quite common throughout the former Soviet Union and also throughout much of the former eastern bloc countries. This one is a thoroughly rebuilt D1, now called D1M (M for modernised). In 2012 Moldovan Railways and the company Electroputere VFU of Romania started a thorough rebuilding program for these old trains and this is the result. It has for example received totally new Volvo Penta ship's engines.
Picture from Socola station in Iasi, Romania 25.6.2017 by Timo Varshukov.

For comparison: This is the original D1 train of Ganz-Mavag in its original Soviet Russian painting. Quite a change if you compare this with the modernised one above.
Picture of the original D1 from Kaunas, Lithuania 29.12.2010 by Kyösti Isosaari.


This two-coach modern diesel railbus is an Italian built former Danish state railways DSB class IC2 which now in Romania is called class MP. There are just two of these trains in use in Romania, both owned by a private company Astra Trans Carpatic ATC. The Italian AnsaldoBreda built these trains for DSB but DSB soon discovered that these trains were a full Italian fiasco: too slow, full of faults. DSB soon returned all of these trains to Ansaldobreda. Ansaldobreda went bankrupt soon afterwards. Two of them ended in Romania where ATC uses them in their traffic between Arad and Oradea.
Picture from Bucharest Nord 18.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


This two-coach railbus is a rarity from the Netherlands. In the north of Holland there used to be a number of railbuses called Wadlopers (People who run in the loose mud of the watten or mud fields which lay bare when ever the tide had taken all seawater away. Wadloping or running in the loose mud is quite a hard form of sport, but fairly popular there.) Most of the NS Wadloper (mud runner) trains were of just one coach long, but a rare part of them were two coaches long like this one. This is one of those rarities, but not any more in the Dutch NS' yellow colours, but rather painted like German DB's red trains. The passenger lines in northern Holland, around Groningen, were lost from NS to the German Arriva in a public tendering. Arriva is a daughter company of the German DB. They operated for a while in Holland still using these same Dutch trains and under the name NoordNed, but only until they got new trains specifically made for them from Stadler Rail. Now they are named "Arriva Spurt". When these Wadlopers were then left without a job, they were sold to Romania. NoordNed/Arriva tried also to sell newer so called Buffalo trains to Romania and a number of them were actually delivered, but never paid. After standing still and rusting for several years in Romania they were finally sent back to the Netherlands and a litigation is probably still undergoing as we write this in 2022.
Compare these trains with the original yellow Wadloper train pictures under this archive's category Netherlands/private.
Picture from Gara de Nord, Bucharest, 14.112022 by Markku Salo.


A class 47 electric cargo locomotive of the Romanian state railways CFR - Căile Ferate Romăne cargo division CFR Marfă. It is a six axle locomotive with a power rating of 6600 kW. These are modernised from class 40 or 41 machines since 2006. Top speed is 120 km/h.
Picture from Socola station in Iasi, Romania 25.6.2017 by Timo Varshukov.


A class 41 electric locomotive of CFR's passenger services division CFR Călători. This is a 5100 kW six axle type. These machines were built by Elektroputere 1966–1991 and they have a top speed of 160 km/h.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Another class 41 electric locomotive, but still in the old colours of CFR.
Picture from Bucharest 6.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Still another class 41 electric locomotive, this time with new InterCity coaches.
Picture from Galati 5.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Yet another class 41 machine, this time with doubledecker coaches for a regional service.
Picture from Bucharest Gara de Nord 14.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


This old class 41 electric locomotive has received a new painting.
Picture from Bucharest main station platform 4/5 on 15.8.2019 by Markku Salo.


One more of Romanian state railways CFR's class 41 electric locomotives, but this one is in a very desolate and rusty state, although it's still in use. Not even the normal lamps are functioning any more, but someone has screwed temporary lamps onto it very low down.
Picture from Brasov 15.8.2019 by Markku Salo.


Class 40 is almost similar with the class 41 shown above. It is of the type Elektroputere LE5100 which the Romanians divide into three classes, 40, 41 and 42. The whole design is based on the Swedish SJ class Rb which its designer Asea licensed in the 1960s. Class 40 is the "original" Romanian class, earlier called class EA. It's very similar but slightly longer than the Swedish class Rb was. Classes 40 and 41 are almost identical, but class 40 is intended for regular passenger trains (not express) and freight trains. It's speed is limited to a maximum of 120 km/h whereas the 41 can in theory reach 160 km/h.
Picture of a class 40 locomotive of Grup Feroviar Roman from Ploiesti 18.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


A sidetracked express train at the București Basarab (Bucharest main station). The locomotive is one from the CFR class 47. Class 47 is (usually) a modernised version of the CFR class EA (later class 41; see above) which were built from the 1960s to the early 1990s by Softronic Craiova and PROMAT. However, the basic design and tecnology is much older and it goes back to a license from Asea of Sweden from 1965. Class 47 is not really a real train class, but under "class 47" a lot of very different locomotives have been "classed", including old class 40 or 41 machines, British Rail former class 92 machines, which have nothing in common with the other "class 47" ones, and also modernised class 40/41 machines of Romanian decent. These modernised passenger versions seen in the picture rebuilt by Softronic and PROMAT as CFR Class 47 ran first in 2007. It's a 5100 kW machine with a top speed of 160 km/h.
Picture from București Basarab 14.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


This one is now called class 473. It is a totally rebuilt class 41 machine with even a new chassis. Only three of these locomotives (numbers 002, 003 and 004; This is the 004) ever entered service,but they acted as trial versions and prototypes for the later so called Transmontana locomotives. Picture from Bucharest Nord 18.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


This is another one of the same series 473. This is the number 003. All three locomotives of this type were painted differently. Picture from Bucharest Nord 19.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


This is a class 43 locomotive of the private company GT Rail Cargo. This is a four axle machine built in the former Yugoslavia, in what is now Croatia by the company Končar. It's similar to the Croatian locomotive class 1141. It has a power rating of 3400 kW, a maximum speed of 120 km/h and they were built from 1973 to 1984. GT Rail Cargo belongs to the Rail Cargo group, which is the former gargo division of ÖBB, the Austrian federal railways. The green and yellow wagons belong to the private company Astra Trans Carpatic (see above for their class MP / former Danish IC2). Astra Carpatic competes with the Romanian state railways with especially luxurious wagons. This is a night train.
Picture from Bucharest Basarab (just north of the Bucharest Nord main station) 14.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


A class 060 diesel machine of the same company GT Rail Cargo. For more info about these Swiss designed locomotives, scroll down a bit.
Picture from Oradea 28.9.2023 by Marek Graff.


This diesel multiple unit is a Siemens Desiro, known in Romania as the class 96 of the state railways passenger division CFR Călători. These same trains are known in Germany as the German Baureihe 642. They are used in many other countries too, for example Denmark. Its a two coach DMU built in 2003 with a power rating of 550 kW and a top speed of 120 km/h. CFR Călători has 120 of them.
Picture from Socola station in Iasi, Romania 25.6.2017 by Timo Varshukov.


Another Siemens Desiro, in Romania called class 96. This one is here operating as the airport train between Bucharest airport and city.
Picture from Bucharest airport 19.11.2022 by Markku Salo.


Romanian state railways class 60 locomotive, originally class 060-A. It is a diesel-electric six axle locomotive built by Electroputere Craiova, but it is based on a Swiss design of the companies SLM Winterthur, BBC and Sulzer and that is the reason why it quite a lot resembles the Swiss federal railways SBB's electric locomotive class Ae 6/6. They were built during a long period, 1959 to 1981.
Picture from Brasov 19.9.2010 by Markku Salo.


Same train as in the picture above. These old double decker coaches are the same that used to be common in former East Germany (DDR) in regional traffic for example in the area of Leipzig. Nowadays these have long since been scrapped in Germany. They were built by Waggonbau Görlitz in the DDR.
Picture from Brasov 19.9.2010 by Markku Salo.


This is another class 60 diesel locomotive, but this one is owned by Deutsche Bahn's daughter company DB Schenker Rail Romania.
Picture from Videle 15.8.2019 by Markku Salo.


As the typical DB red painting reveals, also this class 060 machine used to belong to DB Rail Schenker of Romania. However, the machine has had several changes of ownership lately. It was recorded in September 2023 as belonging to the private company E-P Rail and in those pictures it had its old DB logos covered with cardboard and tape just like in this picture. Behind it can be seen another old 060 machine but that one is in the typical old Grup Feroviar Roman painiting.
Picture from Episcopia Bihor 27.9.2023 by Marek Graff.


This class 060-DA diesel 060 0001 is the very first one in the series. It belongs now to UTZ or Unicom Tranzit SA (ex. Unifertrans). Here we see it together with a sister machine at Huedin.
Picture from Huedin 28.9.2023 by Marek Graff.


This is a class 64, six axle dieselelectric machine, which is a rebuilt and remotorised class 60 locomotive. See above for the original class 60. Now these class 64 machines have an EMD turbocharged V8 engine of the type 8-710G. It has a power rating of 1582 kW and a max speed of 100 km/h. the modernisations from class 60 to class 64 have been made since 2004.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Another class 64 modernised diesel, this time photographed on the Bulgarian side of the border, at the border town station of Ruse.
Picture from Ruse, Bulgaria 15.8.2019 by Markku Salo.


German made doubledecker coaches, used in regional traffic around Bucharest.
Picture from Bucharest 6.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


This is an old class 80 dieselhydraulic shunter engine of the Romanian state railways CFR, now working for their passenger services division CFR Călători. These machines were built by Faur 1966 to 1985 and many of them have already been modernised and remotorised - but this one not. This is a 920 kW machine with a top speed of 100 km/h. They are used for shunting but also for light line traffic.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


These are old French SNCF series X4500 trains, bought used to Regiotrans in Romania. There are now five private passenger train operators in Romania and Regiotrans is one of them.
Picture from Brasov 19.9.2010 by Markku Salo.


Regio Calatori is one of the many rail operators in Romania now. This class 57/97 trains are former French state railways SNCF's class X4500 railbuses. The X4500 model dates back to the years 1963 to 1970 and some of them were rebuilt/modernised in France since 1980. This is one of those rebuilt units.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Also this Regio Calatori class 57/97 railbus is one of the former French SNCF X4500 railbuses, but this one has not been rebuilt and modernised. It still looks as it used to look like in France in the 1960s.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Yet another one of the Regio Calatori's class 57/97 railbuses, former SNCF X4500. This one has not been modernised, but at least it has been freshly repainted.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Still one more of Regio Calatori's class 57, former French SNCF X4500 railbuses without any modernisation, just like they used to be in France in the 1960s.
Picture from Brasov 17.8.2019 by Markku Salo.


This is an old German DB class 628.4xx railbus which now runs for IRC, Interregio Calatori of Romania. It had received in 2018 stickers commemorating the 100 years of the Romanian state 1918-2018, but the stickers seem fairly worn out already.
Picture from Cluj Napoca 15.3.2023 by Markku Salo.


The same train as above but here seen from the other side. This is the newest series of Br628 railbuses, the Br628.400. It's still fairly modern and fairly common in Germany too, but DB has by now lost so many public tenderings that this kind of railbuses which lack airconditioning are all gradually becoming surplus.
Picture from Cluj Napoca 15.3.2023 by Markku Salo.


Another former German DB Br628.400, this train looks exactly like it used to look in Germany except for the graffities and the fact that DB logos have been replaced by similar IRC logos. This train is numbered as Br628.6xx which means it's one of the newest Br628 machines ever built.
Picture from Cluj Napoca 28.9.2023 by Marek Graff.


A do-it-yourself style rail car.
Picture from Cluj Napoca 15.3.2023 by Markku Salo.


The same one as above but now seen from the other side. Surely conforms to all the strict EU rules for railway vehicles?
Picture from Cluj Napoca 15.3.2023 by Markku Salo.


One of the private or open access cargo operators in Romania is the German DB, Deutsche Bahn as DB Cargo Romania. They started by importing locomotives from Germany, Denmark and from the UK, but now they have even newer machines in use in Romania. This one is a DB class 480. The type is called Transmontana. It is an 8200 kW strong and 160 km/h fast six axle machine built by the company Softronic and it is the newest locomotive type in the country. Transmontanas come with two distinctly different locomotive fronts. DB has 19 of them in Romania.
Picture 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


These two machines are former British Rail class 92 machines. They were built for traffic in the Channel tunnel and therefore they can operate either from 25 kV overhead catenary or from a 750V DC side rail. Many of these machines became superfluous in the Channel tunnel traffic and some of them ended up at DB. DB took them to Romania and used them there for several years. But now they have been pushed out of use also in Romania and superceded by Transmontana locomotives shown above. These two machines still show DB's paintings and registration details as DB Cargo Romania, but in fact at the time this photograph was taken, these two were already owned by a private Russian company. They had been in tests in Croatia and the intention is to start using them in coal trains between the Croatian-Hungarian border and the harbour of Bakar on behalf of the company Transagent Špedicija. Built by ABB and Brush Traction in the early/mid ’90s, British Rail Class 92 was originally designed to operate trains between Britain and France through the Channel tunnel. With a total of 46 units, the fleet is capable of achieving а maximum power of 5 MW on overhead 25 kV AC or 4 MW on third rail 750 V DC. Apart from the ones sent to Romania, DB Cargo also uses such locomotives in Bulgaria, where they are still wearing the original EWS livery. (Source:
Picture from the station of Rijeka, Croatia 10.7.2018 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This locomotive is marked as belonging to Train Hungary and it is photographed here in Hungary, but it is a Romanian class 40 machine registered in Romania. Class 40 machines were made by Elektroputere 1965-91. It's a six axle 5100 kW machine with a top speed of 120 km/h. It is an older version of the class 41 pictured higher up on this page. Train Hungary is a private cargo operator, which operates not only in Hungary but also in Croatia. All their locomotives are of Romanian origin.
Picture from Hidasnemeti station in Hungary 4.7.2018 by Ilkka Siissalo.


A CFR class 150 steam engine has been placed onto a stand as a monument at the station of Brasov. It's a wartime German Br50 machine.
Picture from Brasov 4.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Another steam locomotive also marked as CFR class 150 is kept as a monument at the station of Galati. Both this one and the machine in the picture above are marked as class 150, but they are not identical. This one is a German Br42 war locomotive, "Kriegslok" left behind by the German army during World War two. The locomotive at Brasov is also German, but it is of the German DRG class Br50 captured to Romania at the end of the war.
Picture from Galati 5.5.2018 by Marek Graff.


Romanian state railways CFR's class 142 steam engine parked as a monument. CFR 142 was a licence-built copy of the pre-war Austrian locomotive class BBÖ Br214.
Picture from Oradea 28.9.2023 by Marek Graff.


Romanian state railways CFR's class 150.1 steam engine parked as a monument. The class 150.1 was the German wartime class Br50 built by Reşiţa and Malaxa.
Picture from Cluj-Napoca 28.9.2023 by Marek Graff.
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