FUNET - the computer network for Finland's universities and research
The FUNET (Finnish University and Research Network) run by the CSC - Center For Scientific Computing is a
computer network linking Finland's universities and research
institutes. The FUNET uses superfast backbone-network lines to connect
local area networks belonging to the organisations linked into it. The
FUNET also offers member organisations advanced communications links to
the international Internet network via the joint Nordic NORDUnet
network. Development and maintenance of the backbone network are the
responsibility of the FUNET network technology group.
Apart from communication links, the FUNET provides application-level
services, for example e-mail, newsfeeds and file and IRC services. New Internet services are constantly being
developed for the FUNET, such as Multicast videoconferencing and search
and database functions. The network information services group is
responsible for application-level services.
In 1969, the year the ARPANET is set up,
a project is begun aimed at linking Finnish universities into a
computer network at the beginning of the 1970s.
1982: CSC's predecessor takes on an expert
to promote data communications in Finnish universities
1984: The FUNET project management group
set up by the Ministry of Education and the X.25 packet-switching
network launch the actual FUNET network
1985: The EARN network connects the FUNET
to other countries with a fixed line
1986: TCP/IP and ethernet networks start to spread in Funet
1987: The FUNET introduces TCP/IP routers on fixed lines
1988: The FUNET is linked to the Internet
via the joint Nordic NORDunet research network at 56 Kbit/s.
1989: The first 2 Mbit/s connection is
1990: NIC.FUNET.FI FTP archive launched
1992: Tim Berners-Lee visits Turku to
encourage the NORDUnet community to use the WWW
1993: The ATM pilot project tries out
videoconferencing between Espoo and Tampere
1994: Monopolies crumple and commercial competition begins to drive costs down for internet.
1995: The FUNET 34 Mbit/s ATM backbone
1997: FUNET-TV commences transmissions
1998: 155 Mbit/s ATM backbone network
installed for Internet traffic.
Internet use from the FUNET has grown 150%
a year for ten years